Crack cocaine is a powerful, highly addictive stimulant derived from powdered cocaine using a simple conversion process. It produces an immediate high and, because it is easy and inexpensive to produce, is readily available and affordable. It is made by dissolving powdered cocaine in a mixture of water and ammonia or baking soda, which is then boiled until a white or off-white solid substance forms. This solid (now crack cocaine) is then removed from the liquid, dried, and broken into chunks (rocks) for distribution.
Crack is nearly always smoked, a delivery system that sends large quantities of the drug to the lungs, producing an immediate and intense euphoric effect.
Statistics indicate that crack cocaine has few if any boundaries. Abusers can be found in people across every demographic with data showing that over six million residents of the U.S. have tried crack cocaine at least once. Almost one and a quarter million of them are in the twelve to twenty-five age groups, and almost four percent of high school seniors have used the drug at least once.
Effects and Treatment Options
In addition to the usual risks associated with cocaine use (constricted blood vessels; increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; and risk of cardiac arrest and seizure), crack users may experience acute respiratory problems, including lung trauma and bleeding. Crack cocaine smoking also can cause aggressive and paranoid behavior.
Crack cocaine is one of the most difficult addictions to overcome. The first step is complete detoxification, followed by a complete physical and psychological profiling in order to develop the most effective program. Attendance in a long-term, inpatient facility for at least ninety days, and elaborate post-release support systems are necessary to ensure recovery will be successful.
If you feel that your loved one needs to be in a rehabilitation treatment center for Crack Cocaine addiction please feel free to fill out a patient placement form and The Way Out Recovery will aid in the placement of your loved one.